Ogutu and Roscoe (1974) had this to say regarding narrating in Africa: “The landmass has its own fiction customs; it has the practice of narrating, described orally… the Digital Time Capsule through which Africa during the time has uncovered its inner self, showed its kin and engaged itself” (pp. 43-44).
Customary stories in Sierra Leone are seen as epitome of the convictions, customs, ceremonies and designs of society that should be kept up with. Stories work inside society to safeguard adjustment to the acknowledged social standards of progression from one age to another through their part in schooling and the degree to which they reflect culture. Most customary narrators guarantee to infer their specialty through dreams, spirits, and apprenticeship to proficient narrators; others guarantee to gain the workmanship straightforwardly from God while some say they paid to get it. Narrators have the accompanying elements:
• Familiarity with the nearby language and dominance of an extensive variety of jargon for all degrees of crowds;
• Innovativeness and capacity to lay out affinity with their crowds;
• Information on their crowds and their requirements;
• Knowledge of and capacity to allude to their way of life and climate to jazz up their accounts and make them appeal to their crowd;
• Great memory of precise maintenance and portrayal of a huge corpus of material; and
The items in conventional stories can be gathered into:
• Fantasies stories colored with religion, strange notion and conventional convictions particularly about the starting points of humankind and peculiarities;
• Legends-anecdotes about authentic occasions and vital individuals like conflict legends, extraordinary medication men and movement;
• Fiction-nonexistent stories ordered into moral story, tales, dream and illustrations.
These can be additionally grouped by friendly capability or foundation to be specific:
• Political stories-tales about authority and the connection among pioneers and their subjects;
• Clan stories-these uncover the designs, families and networks for example marriage and parentages;
• Religion and gods anecdotes about creation and peculiarities like demise and downpour;
• Moral excellencies stories expected to scorn such indecencies as pride, voracity, robbery, murder, untruthfulness, absurdity and absence of understanding;
• Financial aspects stories that arrangement with work, getting and loaning, innovation and lethargy.
Characters in common customary Sierra Leonean stories range from individuals to creatures, stones, trees, plants, divinities, spirits and birds. These characters are emblematic: Bra hare slyness; turtle astuteness; elephant-respectability; vulture-persistence; lion-boldness and strength; sparrow, parrot and crow-insight; dove favorable luck; insect crafty. Stories are told only for night excitements. Some of the time narrating meetings could be any time with crowds in confidential verandahs, ‘court barries’ or other public spots. Notwithstanding, the conventional setting where twenty to forty individuals sit together around a lamp fuel light or fire around evening time following full time work is finished and food has been cooked and eaten. Narrators are additionally welcome to social capabilities like weddings, entombments, secret society festivities and delegated functions. Tobacco is frequently accommodated without smoking narrating thoughts won’t stream.
Stories go along with tunes; a melody gets going a story; a significant line in a story makes up another story; a saying closes a story; a melody in a story is utilized to awaken audience members or to plan for the approaching peak. Regularly melodies really do welcome cooperation, and audience members become dynamic allies of an ensemble, applauding, coming to falsehoods and jokes of the narrator, who thusly answers the remarks frequently with another story. Melodies are upheld by the thumping of conventional instruments like ‘kaylain’, ‘sira’ ‘seigureh’ and ‘sangba’ (neighborhood drum) to add mood. Narrating crowd is normally dynamic. It catalyzes the stories by unconstrained interjections, inquiries to the storyteller, reverberating of the storyteller’s voice, and participating in the singing of ensembles. For every one of these to happen discipline is kept up with. The crowd is made to chuckle and shout however without imperiling the continuation of the portrayal.
SOCIAL Elements OF Conventional STORIES
Principal is socialization. The telling and tuning in of stories is a social action that unites individuals to partake in imaginative and imaginative undertaking. The event is intended to engage so that individuals could fail to remember the drudgery of day to day existence. Individuals are relocated to a universe of make-conviction. As the portrayal goes through the subtleties of reproducing the made up world the crowd is conveyed along like travelers on a flight. The satisfaction inferred is worked with by the social association of the crowd. The air is for the most part casual with no compulsion or provocation; everybody is on neutral ground paying little mind to orientation and age.
Members get an opportunity to describe and tune in. The circumstance highlights the worth of social participation. The discipline intrinsic in the portrayal is definitely changed to circles of life. Members figure out how to regard others, appreciate individual contrasts in capacities and disposition and have the option to relate in a typical action.
Mental excitement is gotten from narrating. Stories are told and gotten through the ear. The interest they put on the storyteller is to recollect the story and tell it for a potential retelling in future. This is great preparation for the memory. One must be mindful of get the fundamentals of a story and acclimatize it into collection. In this way the psyche should be extremely dynamic to oblige the new information or assortments of what is as of now known. As well as preparing of memory the stories hone basic appreciation. One needs to investigation the message of the account and assesses the occasions related.
Stories are told for the good of their own as well as have significant bits of social guidance to bestow. The moral stories of occasions and characters consider human existence and are a wellspring of learning. In the characters of stories the crowd will see lethargy, sages, quitters, fomenters and the egotistical to refer to however a couple of models. Stories give hints concerning how to respond to them. The stories give rules on what is cherishable. As such they try to change life.
Stories are social records. The way of life of a group is the entirety of their lifestyles which incorporate religion, convictions, customs, rehearses,