Do your nursing assistants know that hospice care focuses on comfort and dignity? And that it promotes the best possible quality of life for dying clients and their families? Unfortunately, not enough people (even those who work in health care) know what hospice care is all about. Because they are the “front line” workers, it is important for every CNA to understand that hospice is an available choice. Here is some basic information that you can share with your nurse aides:
What Is Hospice?
The word “hospice” comes from a Latin word that means “guesthouse”. However, in today’s world, hospice is not a location. It’s a special way of caring for terminally ill clients and their families. Hospice gives people control over their end-of-live care and keeps families together during the difficult time of losing a loved one.
- Hospice care tends to save money. (It usually costs less for people to receive hospice care than for them to be in a hospital.)
- Modern hospices began in England in the 1940’s. The first hospice in the U.S. opened in 1974. Today, hospices combine the comforting power of modern medicine with the “old fashioned” support of caring hospice workers and loving families.
- The majority of hospice clients are dying from some form of cancer. Heart disease is the second most common diagnosis. However, the focus of hospice is not the disease-it’s the client and family.
- Hospice care is provided by a team of people who have chosen hospice as their specialty and who have been trained to work with dying clients. That doesn’t mean that hospice is all about grief and sadness! The main goal of hospice is to help clients live meaningful lives-with comfort and dignity-for the time that’s left them.
- The hospice team includes nursing assistants (usually called home health aides or hospice aides). In fact, aides are very important to the team, especially since they spend so much time with clients and their families.
Where Can Clients Receive Hospice Care?
Hospice services are available to people wherever they choose to spend their final days. This includes:
Private Homes. A hospice client may live at home or a friend or family member’s home.
Freestanding Hospice Facilities. Many large hospices have their own facilities where clients come for care. These facilities tend to be located in cities.
Hospitals. Some hospitals provide hospice care. They may devote a special floor or wing to hospice clients-and have a specially trained hospice team.
Nursing & Assisted Living Homes. Hospice care is also provided at some skilled nursing and assisted living facilities. (The facility is considered the client’s home.) There may be an “in house” hospice team or a visiting team.
Who Receives Hospice Care?
Before a client receives hospice care, nurses and physicians review the client’s disease history, current symptoms and life expectancy. Then, they meet with the client and the family to discuss hospice philosophy and services, pain management and equipment needs.
People who receive hospice care:
- Are usually in the last six months of their lives.
- Can be any age…from a child to a senior citizen.
- Can be of any religion…or of no religion.
- Have terminal illnesses such as cancer, AIDS, lung diseases, hospice in ventura heart disease, nerve disorders and Alzheimer’s Disease.
- Often have a friend or family member who helps care for them.
- Can be wealthy, poor or in between!
Remember…it is possible for doctors to be wrong about how long a person has to live. There have been cases of people “graduating” from the hospice program by getting better! There are also cases of people who live longer than six months while receiving hospice care. Their care doesn’t stop just because they’ve survived longer than expected!